Bringin Musashi Back

Around the middle of the 17th Century, renowned Japanese swordsman, Miyamoto Musashi, wrote a manuscript that outlined the importance in having a ‘roadmap for success’ in ones profession and in life. He wrote this manuscript in the context of his own career as a swordsman, a samurai as well as his life in a turbulent, feudal Japan. He summarized all of this experience, philosophy and specifics into one word…Strategy.

His book entitled, Gorin No Sho or A Book of Five Rings was the culmination of Musashi’s life work and experiences as a leader in many areas including but not restricted to swordsmanship and combat. It’s also one of the few existing historical Japanese documents on martial arts of its kind. Many people in feudal Japan, including many samurai, could not read or write but there were other factors making such documents rare.

Traditionally, skills like swordsmanship and martial arts were considered ‘trade secrets’ to the practitioners much like the formula for Coca Cola or Google’s Algorithm is today. Additionally, it is often difficult to articulate the nuances of physical skill and movement in written word. Much like it is one thing to read about the mechanics of swinging a baseball bat to hit a fastball, yet it’s quite another to stand in the batter’s box and actually hit the ball. As a result, much of these traditions were transmitted orally and makes Musashi’s writings somewhat of a historical treasure to many in Japan and the martial arts community.

By User Alkivar on en.wikipedia [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
Today, Miyamoto Musashi remains a folk hero in Japan and required reading for Japanese businessmen although popularity of the Book of Five Rings seems to have waned since the 1990’s with the advent of continued economic crisis in Japan. Very few in the West, however, outside of those in the martial arts community have even heard of Miyamoto Musashi let alone embraced his writings.

Language is the first barrier at which many Westerners give up on Eastern text. Meaning in Eastern language, both written and spoken, can often have many layers dependent upon context. Japanese for example has characters that can have literally dozens of meanings in English, depending on the context used. Without the original author being present, the translator is often left to decide on literal meaning vs. implied meaning. This gives rise to phrases like, ‘lost in translation’ and ‘reading between the lines’ and can frustrate Western readers who are accustomed to the more literal Latin based languages.

Further, the Book of Five Rings was written by a Samurai using swordsmanship as a metaphor for a larger concept and in the context of violent, war stricken times of feudal Japan. As a result, the book often gets glossed over as some esoteric manual on sword fighting skill, a reputation only perpetuated by the modern myths and fictionalization of Musashi himself.

Lastly, most in the West simply don’t attribute the same historical significance to Musashi as they do to people like Benjamin Franklin or Leonardo Da Vinci. He’s just another sword fighter, who happened to write a book and whose life was a quaint anecdote to the adventures of the samurai and the height of feudal Japan.

Over the next few months most of the posts will be devoted to Bringing Musashi Back and adapting the ideas of “strategy” found in the Book of Five Rings to a 21st Century world. Hopefully it will reignite interest from people in both the East and the West in the writings of Miyamoto Musashi.


3 Books On Excellence, Recommended Reads

At the heart of the Five Circles Formula for sustaining excellence is the historical, “Book of Five Rings”, by Miyamoto Musashi. Like many classics, however, the book can be awkward to read & digest, particularly for those unfamiliar with samurai traditions, sword fencing or the martial arts in general.

So here are three contemporary books that do a great job at outlining specific components of the ENMEI formula but are easier to read and a little more in line with today’s society.

“Wooden ON LEADERSHIP”, by John Wooden & Steve Jamison


This book outlines the power of fundamentals and the role that revisiting the basics plays in not only skills mastery but in all areas of excellence.

“The 8th Habit, From Effectiveness To Greatness”,

by Stephen R Covey


This book clearly defines the role that choice plays in developing mental excellence. The idea that, “Leaders are not born nor are they made. Leadership is a choice that anyone can make at any time.”

“The Bully Pulpit”, by Doris Kearns Goodwin


This Pulitzer Prize winning book tells a fantastic historical tale of how concepts such as character and purpose can drive team and ultimately organizational excellence. It also demonstrates how that organizational and team excellence grows from individual excellence, in this case it’s through people like Theodore Roosevelt and Ida Tarbell. It also punctuates the scope of impact that this process can have, far beyond companies or organizations but with nations and societies as well. One or two people with a shared vision on conviction really can and do make a significant difference.

All three of these books are well worth the read and have something in them for everyone. Enjoy…

Drucker, Musashi & The 21st Century

“In a few hundred years when the history of our time is written from a long term perspective, it is likely that the most important event those historians will see is not technology, not the internet, not e-commerce, it is an unprecedented change in the human condition. For the first time, literally substantial and rapid growing numbers of people have choices. For the first time they will have to manage themselves and society is totally unprepared for it.”

-Peter Drucker


In 1645 legendary Japanese swordsman, Miyamoto Musashi, wrote that everything you need to manage yourself and excel in business as well as life lies within you. What’s critical is that you have an exacting strategy, a map that includes where you are, where you want to go and what to do once you get there. Then execute on that strategy every day.


The graces of the experts, for a small fee…




Somewhere between 29-19BCE, the Greek poet and philosopher Virgil is said to have written his finest work the Aeneid. In it comes the first reference to the famous cautionary phrase based upon the Trojan War described in Homer’s Odyssey and Iliad;

“Beware of the Greeks, even when they bring gifts.”


Then, during the second half of the 1st century CE (though historical estimates range from around 33AD – up past 150AD) the Apostle Matthew is said to have written the Gospel According to Matthew. In chapter 15, he expands upon this theme with verse 7 where he warns that one should be weary of anyone too eager to give you the right answers or lead you down the path to excellence. Well ok, it was actually the path of spirituality but I think you know where I’m going with this.

“Beware of false prophets who come to you in sheep’s clothing, for inside they are hungry wolves.”


Much later in the early 1500’s, the use of the phrase, “Caveat Emptor” (Latin for; “Buyer Beware”) began to be used in the formation of common law and would continue to this day. Webster’s Dictionary defines the phrase as;

“A principle of commerce; that in the absence of warranty the buyer assumes the risk of purchase. The buyer is responsible for making sure that the goods and services are legitimate and of good quality.”


A little over a century later (around 1645AD) in feudal Japan, legendary swordsman Miyamoto Musashi suggested that you don’t need gurus to guide you or the latest gadgets to help you find excellence. He wrote that the formula for mastery of any kind, whether specific skills or total self-mastery was intrinsic, not extrinsic.

So in today’s search for the formula for sustaining excellence, there is certainly no shortage of; prophets of professional success willing to guide you, gurus of self-help willing to lead you, products and gadgets willing to tell you what to eat and when to exercise, academic institutions willing to ‘certify’ your knowledge and experience as legitimate. All you need do is provide them with your credit card number…

But do you really need any of that? Do you really believe that excellence, of any kind, is something that you can buy or complete in ’10 easy lessons’? Do you really believe that you can lose 30lbs. in 30 days and keep it off for the next 3 years? Do you really believe that real education is found in a piece of paper you buy for $60k from your local university, because they tell you it is?

  • There is nothing wrong with finding inspiration in the work of others
  • Mastering new skills, does in fact, often require the instruction of a master teacher
  • New tools and technology can be great assets when used properly
  • Time and relentless action, with purpose, will in fact yield results
  • There is true benefit in periodic reminders of time-tested wisdom
  • Higher education certainly does open up whole new worlds of opportunity

The good news is that the map for sustaining excellence does not end, but begins in the mirror. You need only look, decide, act, repeat.

“Excellence is not an act but a habit” – Aristotle | LinkedIn

One of the first principles of ENMEI is that sustaining excellence for the long haul begins at only one place, the mirror. All the external systems, strategies, inspiration and coaching in the world will only go so far and last for so long. History has given us many examples of people who come from unremarkable beginnings that go on to do remarkable things, in many fields; Theodore Roosevelt, Albert Einstein, Gandhi, Chuck Yeager, Steve Jobs and Miyamoto Musashi to name a few.  All of these people understood that motivation was intrinsic, that sustained excellence was a product of introspection and consistent dialogue with the person in the mirror.

Here is a recent example, a post from James Caan, the CEO of Hamilton Bradshaw.

“Excellence is not an act but a habit” – Aristotle | LinkedIn.